Panama is a transcontinental country covering an area of 75, sq. As observed on the physical map of Panama, the country's landscape is dominated by forested, volcanic-in-origin, mountains that extend from its Costa Rican border to Colombia, South America. A yellow upright triangle mars the position of the point on the map. The sandy beach coastlines of Panama merge into forested lowlands that rise into the foothills of the inland mountain ranges. The eastern third of Panama the Darien province is a sparsely populated land of rain forests, rivers and swampy lowlands bordered by high mountain peaks.

The Darian Gap, fronting the border with Colombia, is an inhospitable, almost impassable thick jungle. The northern coastline is ringed by the hundreds of small islands that form the Bocas del Torro and San Blas Archipelagos.

Significant islands along the southern coastlines include the Pearl Islands of Survivor fameTaboga, Cebaco and Coiba. Panama officially, the Republic of Panama is divided into 10 administrative provinces provinciassing.

The provinces are further subdivided into districts and townships. Kuna de Madungandi and Kuna de Wargandi are the two indigenous comarcas within the administrative provinces which have the same status as that of a municipality corregimiento. Situated in the province of Panama, with a strategic position at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal is Panama City — the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Panama.

It is also the administrative, commercial and banking hub of the country. Panama is a transcontinental country — located in Central America; on the southern edge of the Isthmus of Panama a narrow strip of land connecting the continents of North and South America. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Panama is bordered by Columbia to the southeast and by Costa Rica to the west. It is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the north and by the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Regional Maps : Map of North America. The above blank map represents the Republic of Panama, a Central American nation. The map can be downloaded, printed and used for educational purposes like map-pointing activities and coloring.

Maps of Costa Rica

This page was last updated on November 11, Home North America Panama. Provinces Map Where is Panama? Outline Map Key Facts. See also: Panamanian Flag Panamanian Symbols. Where Is Micronesia? What Is Ecological Succession? Where Is Melanesia? The Kyzylkum Desert.Costa Rice covers an area of 51, sq. As can be seen on the above map of Costa Rica, most of Costa Rica is dominated by the Sierra Madre Mountains, literally fractured into individual ranges and valleys by violent volcanic eruptions over eons of time.

The heavily forested northern plains to the south of Lake Nicaragua stretch eastward along the San Juan River, then push southward through the rain forest edges of the Central Mountains, and on to the sandy beaches of the Caribbean coastline.

Costa Rica's beach-covered Pacific coastline is quite narrow, and indented with many small bays, as well as the Gulf of Dulce and the Gulf of Nicaya, both protected by hook-shaped peninsulas.

In the West, those beaches rise abruptly into the coastal hills of the mountains. Many dozens of rivers drain the land; the Chirripa, Frio, General, San Juan and Tempisque are indicated on the map above. Costa Rica officially, the Republic of Costa Rica is divided into 7 administrative provinces provincias, singular - provincia.

These provinces are divided into 82 cantons, which are further subdivided into districts. It is also the administrative, economic and transportation hub of the country. Costa Rica is a small country located in Central America.

Central America

It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Costa Rica is bordered by Nicaragua to the north; by the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, by Panama to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Regional Maps : Map of North America. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for educational purpose like map-pointing activities and coloring. This page was last updated on November 9, Home North America Costa Rica.

Provinces Map Where is Costa Rica? Outline Map Key Facts Flag. The above outline map represents Costa Rica, a country in Central America. Where Is Micronesia? What Is Ecological Succession? Where Is Melanesia?

The Kyzylkum Desert.Geologists and physical geographers sometimes extend the northern boundary to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico. Central America makes up most of the tapering isthmus that separates the Pacific Oceanto the west, from the Caribbean Sea. It extends in an arc roughly 1, miles 1, km long from the northwest to the southeast. At its narrowest point the isthmus is only about 30 miles 50 km wide, and there is no location in Central America that is more distant than miles km from the sea.

Humid swamps and lowlands extend along both the west and east coasts, but four-fifths of Central America is either hilly or mountainous. The western band of Pacific coastal lowland is narrow and overshadowed by mountain ranges, and, except in Nicaragua and Honduras, the eastern plains along the Caribbean are also narrow. Elevation steadily increases west of the Caribbean lowlands, until, toward the Pacific Coast, plateau highlands culminate in mountain ridges and some 40 volcanic cones, some of which attain elevations of more than 12, feet 3, metres.

The weathered volcanic lavas produce a fertile soil, however, and the highlands of the volcanic zones have consequently become highly productive agricultural zones and areas of dense population. The climates of Central America are essentially tropical, tempered by proximity to the sea, by elevation, by latitude, and by local topography; in consequence, they may vary substantially over short distances.

Rainfall occurs primarily during the summer and is heaviest between May and November. January through March are the driest months.

Geography of the World Latin America Land and Resources

In general, the Caribbean side receives about twice as much rain as the Pacific region. Tropical rainforests occupy the eastern lowlands, while evergreen forests clothe the lower slopes along the Pacific coast, and pine and oak forests grow at somewhat higher elevations. This extensive form of cultivation has become less sustainable as fallow periods are shortened in response to rising demographic pressures and as the forest soils lose their ability to recuperate.

The Central American forests are relatively sparsely populated with mammals, generously populated with reptiles, and extremely rich in birds and insects. Monkeys, tree frogs, iguanas, and snakes are abundant. Central America can be roughly divided into a less populous Caribbean half and a slightly more congested Pacific coastal slope, separated by a sequence of relatively densely settled highland regions.

Spanish is the dominant language of Central America and the official language in six of the countries; English is the lingua franca of much of the Caribbean coast and the official language of Belize. Many Indian languages are also spoken throughout the region. Roman Catholicism is the professed religion of four out of five Central Americans; almost all others adhere to various Protestant faiths. In the more remote areas principally inhabited by Indianstraditional religious practices and Roman Catholicism coexist.

By the 21st century, Evangelical Protestantism made substantial inroads into traditionally Roman Catholic communities. At least two-thirds of Central Americans are of mixed ancestry. Until the beginning of the 19th century, immigration was officially limited to citizens of Spain, and the Spanish were thus the only significant European contributors to the ethnic mixture of the area.

Three-fifths of the people of Central America are of mixed European and Indian descent called Ladinos in Guatemala and mestizos elsewhereand one-fifth are Indian. Smaller communities of mulattoes people of mixed European and African descentzambos mixed Indian and African descentdescendants of Europeans, and descendants of Chinese, South Asian, and African indentured labourers make up the remainder.

Many of the remaining Indians live in adjoining Honduras and El Salvador; elsewhere, only in Belize are Indians a significant element about one-tenth of the population. Cotton, sugar, and beef were exported in increasing amounts after World War II. Corn maizebeans, and squash traditionally have been grown as staple foods. The civil unrest of the s displaced up to 1, people, including an estimatedSalvadorans who entered the United States.

Tens of thousands of others migrated to Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and other countries in the region. Growing diversification in the economies of the region, however, has not provided a more equitable distribution of wealth.The combined population of Central America is estimated at Central America is a part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspotwhich extends from northern Guatemala to central Panama.

Due to the presence of several active geologic faults and the Central America Volcanic Arcthere is a great deal of seismic activity in the region, such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, which has resulted in death, injury and property damage. In the Pre-Columbian eraCentral America was inhabited by the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica to the north and west and the Isthmo-Colombian peoples to the south and east.

Following the Spanish expedition of Christopher Columbus ' voyages to the AmericasSpain began to colonize the Americas. From tothe majority of Central American territories except for what would become Belize and Panama, and including the modern Mexican state of Chiapas were governed by the viceroyalty of New Spain from Mexico City as the Captaincy General of Guatemala.

Some of New Spain's provinces in the Central American region i. InNicaraguaHondurasCosta Rica and Guatemala became the first of Central America's seven states to become independent autonomous countries, followed by El Salvador inPanama in and Belize in For instance, Central Americans sometimes refer to their nations as if they were provinces of a Central American state.

It is not unusual to write "C. Governments in the region sometimes reinforce this sense of belonging to Central America in its citizens [ citation needed ].

Maps of Guatemala

Belizeans are usually identified as culturally West Indian rather than Central American. Ancient footprints of AcahualincaNicaragua. Stone spheres of Costa Rica. TazumalEl Salvador. TikalGuatemala. CopanHonduras. Altun HaBelize. In the Pre-Columbian erathe northern areas of Central America were inhabited by the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica.

Most notable among these were the Mayanswho had built numerous cities throughout the region, and the Aztecswho had created a vast empire. The pre-Columbian cultures of eastern El Salvadoreastern HondurasCaribbean Nicaraguamost of Costa Rica and Panama were predominantly speakers of the Chibchan languages at the time of European contact and are considered by some [6] culturally different and grouped in the Isthmo-Colombian Area.

Following the Spanish expedition of Christopher Columbus 's voyages to the Americas, the Spanish sent many expeditions to the region, and they began their conquest of Maya territory in Beginning with his arrival in Soconusco inAlvarado's forces systematically conquered and subjugated most of the major Maya kingdoms, including the K'iche'Tz'utujilPipiland the Kaqchikel. This entity was dissolved inand most of the territory within Central America then fell under the jurisdiction of the Audiencia Real de Guatemala.

The president of the Audiencia, which had its seat in Antigua Guatemalawas the governor of the entire area. In the area became a captaincy general and the governor was also granted the title of captain general. The Captaincy General of Guatemala lasted for more than two centuries, but began to fray after a rebellion in which began in the Intendancy of San Salvador. From its independence from Spain in untilthe former Captaincy General remained intact as part of the short-lived First Mexican Empire.

On 1 Julythe Congress of Central America peacefully seceded from Mexico and declared absolute independence from all foreign nations, and the region formed the Federal Republic of Central America.

The lowlands of southwest Chiapas, including Soconusco, initially belonged to the Republic untilwhen Mexico annexed most of Chiapas and began its claims to Soconusco. The Republic lasted from towhen it disintegrated as a result of civil wars. Federal Republic of Central America. Greater Republic of Central America. The territory that now makes up Belize was heavily contested in a dispute that continued for decades after Guatemala achieved independence see History of Belize — Spain, and later Guatemala, considered this land a Guatemalan department.

InBritain formally declared it a British colony and named it British Honduras. It became independent as Belize in Spanish is the official language in six of the Central American countries. While in Belize it is English. Christopher Columbus first foot steps on American mainland were in Honduras. It consists of some 60 kilometres stretching along the coast from Honduras to Nicaragua.

There are no street names or numbering in Nicaragua. Belize was previously known as British Honduras. Inthe name was changed to Belize. Panama is the only country in the world where you can see the sunrise on the Pacific and the sunset on the Atlantic Ocean. El Salvador went to war with Honduras after a soccer match. It means brother or sister not literally but figuratively.

The Pacaya Volcano in Guatemala is one of the most active ones. Costa Rica was not part of the Treaty of Versailles.

Hence, technically speaking, it is still at war with Germany. Having said that, this is still cheaper than navigating around South America. Cruise ships are charges between and Dollars per person when passing through the Canal.

His name in Spanish is Cristobal Colon. Panama canal was one of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken at the time. It is an artificial 82 km long water way that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

After the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, Belize stands second in the world with its longest reef featuring an abundance of marine life. The ancient Mayas were the original inhabitants of Belize which was the major capital of the Mayan empire.

Hi to all, how is all, I think every one is getting more from this website, and your views are nice for new people. My brother recommended I might like this website.

He was totally right. This post actually made my day. Wow that was odd. Anyway, just wanted to say wonderful blog! Hi, sorry that you lost the comment you had written. I would have loved to read it. And thanks for liking my blog.A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area ofsq. As observed on the physical map of Guatemala, the country is largely mountainous with rolling hills, plateaus, deep river valleys, and numerous volcanoes.

Some of the volcanoes are active. The highest point in the country is the 4, m or 13, ft high Tajumulco Volcano. The lowest point is the Pacific Ocean at 0 m.

Petena limestone plateau covered by grasslands and tropical rainforest blankets most of the northern third of the country. Guatemala is drained by numerous rivers; the Motagua, the country's longest river, rises in the Central Highlands and flows to the Caribbean Sea. Guatemala officially, the Republic of Guatemala is divided into 22 departments departamentossing.

These departments are further subdivided into municipalities. Located in the south-central region of the country, in Valle de la Ermita of the Central Highlands is Guatemala City Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion — the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Guatemala. It is also the administrative, cultural and economic center of the country.

Guatemala is a country located in Central America. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras Caribbean Sea to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Regional Maps : Map of North America. The above blank map represents the Republic of Guatemala, a Central American nation. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for educational purposes.

central america facts geography map

This page was last updated on November 11, Home North America Guatemala. Departments Map Where is Guatemala? Outline Map Key Facts Flag.

The above outline map represents Guatemala, a mountainous country in Central America. Where Is Micronesia? What Is Ecological Succession? Where Is Melanesia? The Kyzylkum Desert.

central america facts geography map

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