Anthropology is the study of people in their cultural context and the examination of all aspects of patterned social behavior. The discipline is worldwide in scope and encompasses all aspects of human, biological, and social life from earliest times to the present.
It is a broad, holistic field that seeks to understand human adaptation to natural and social environments. To graduate with this major, students must complete all university, college, and major requirements. Anthropology lies at the intersection of the multiple approaches to the study of humankind that characterize other disciplines — biological, social, cultural, historical, linguistic, cognitive, material, technological and aesthetic — because of its unique holistic perspective.
Anthropology includes four subfields: cultural anthropology, archaeology, biological anthropology, and linguistics. Undergraduates may concentrate their studies in one of these four subfields or pursue a focus in an interdisciplinary track with another major or minor.
The anthropology major has two different programs: the Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of Science.STUDYING ARCHAEOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD ● #SPILLINGTHETEA
Coursework for the major will depend upon the program, both of which are flexible. Both degrees are earned in anthropology rather than in any one subfield.
Students who are uncertain of a program should contact the Department of Anthropology's undergraduate coordinator for information and curriculum planning. Provides a broad-based liberal arts education and prepares students to work in an increasingly complex world.
University of Florida
Many undergraduate anthropology majors go on to graduate school in the social sciences, while others use anthropology to prepare themselves for professional careers in other disciplines. In a world of increasing globalization and need for effective international relations and understanding, anthropology is a highly relevant liberal arts and sciences major for students interested in pursuing careers in business, education, government, health, and law.
Provides a degree option that blends their interest in basic science with the holistic lens of anthropology. A grounding in scientific-based research, community initiatives, and multicultural skillsets enables our students to address pressing needs in both local and global contexts. This degree inevitably draws upon multidisciplinary fields including anatomy, biology, chemistry, ecology, engineering, genetics, geology, physics, mathematics, statistics, zoology, and botany.
Both the B. A minimum of 18 credits of anthropology coursework must be completed at UF. For the BS degree, all required anthropology, and required related coursework must be completed with a minimum GPA of 2. The department encourages students pursuing the B.
Relevant courses in anthropology may be used to fulfill some requirements.We live on a planet where the climate—winds, precipitation, weather, temperatures—is being modified by the collective impact of the human species.
I arrived at anthropology through an interest in understanding human impacts on the environment. Thus, I felt that anthropology provided a good place to start to understand and begin to address some of the most important questions facing our species. For example, how can we provide for basic human needs while not sacrificing the welfare of other species? Why do many people say that they care about protecting the environment but then do nothing about it? What political, economic, and cultural factors are prohibiting world leaders from agreeing on solutions to global environmental challenges?
To answer such questions, we must understand how humans think and act as groups, our socially and culturally mediated ways of interacting with each other, other species, and the world around us.
In many ways, anthropology as a discipline is only now starting to address these questions. In DecemberBruno Latour, a French anthropologist, spoke to a standing-room-only audience at the American Anthropological Association annual meeting in Washington, D.
As Latour noted, the discipline of anthropology is uniquely qualified to provide insight into key components of current environmental crises by determining the reasons behind choices various groups of humans make, bridging the social and natural sciences, and studying contradictions between cultural universals traits all humans have in common and particularities interesting cultural differences.
This chapter summarizes how anthropologists have contributed to analysis and resolution of environmental concerns. I begin with a brief overview of anthropological analysis of human interactions with the environment and then explore how anthropological perspectives toward human-environmental interactions have changed over time.
I end the chapter with a call to action—an invitation for students to use lessons they have learned from anthropology to challenge the kinds of thinking that have produced current environmental crises and see where those anthropological approaches take them. Environmental anthropology is an exciting subfield that will grow in importance as questions of environmental sustainability become increasingly central to scientific and popular conversations about the future of our species and the planet.
Around two million years ago, climate changes decreased the amount of forest and expanded grasslands in Africa, which led to the early Hominin radiation the geographic expansion of multiple Hominin species. It also led hominin species to walk upright, which freed their hands to make and use tools. Subsequent climate changes, particularly expansions and contractions of glaciers associated with ice ages, also contributed to Homo sapiens expanding to new parts of the globe. Fast-forwarding to the beginning of human agriculture roughly 10, years ago, we can see how the global expansion of Homo sapiens and their first permanent settlements and urban centers led to the development of agriculture, a profound new way of interacting with the environment.
The ability of early humans to shape the landscape, first by simply encouraging wild plants to grow and later by planting and irrigating crops and domesticating plants and animals, set humans on the path toward our current problematic relationship with the planet. For example, archaeologists examine the relative frequency of different kinds of pollen and tree rings over thousands of years to understand how landscapes changed over time through both human and natural processes.
Many archaeologists credit increased productivity that came with agriculture as the foundation of civilization, allowing humans to live in larger settlements, specialize in craft production, and develop social hierarchies and eventually math, writing, and science. From this perspective, the seeds of social complexity were contained within the first grains domesticated in the hills surrounding the Fertile Crescent.
Others have questioned the idea that the effects of agriculture were purely beneficial. Others have looked at the advances in science, medicine, and communication technology and disagreed with Sahlins, arguing that we are better off with the developments brought by agriculture. Perhaps the strongest argument against capitalism and industrialization is the real possibility of environmental collapse that those systems have brought.
Do we really need cars or cell phones to be happy? How about books and vaccines? The impacts of climate change from our dependence on fossil fuel, toxic byproducts from expanding chemical industries, and pollution of land, soil, and water from industrialized agriculture are a significant challenge to a vision of human history in which we expect things to get better and better.
Figure 1: The ball courts at Copan show the complexity and development of early Maya society. Research suggests that deforestation was one of the causes of the collapse of the city-state. For example, archaeologists have explored the collapse of a number of Maya cities from an environmental perspective.
Land was cleared to increase agricultural production and to harvest wood for the construction of houses, fueling cooking fires, and producing lime, which was used to make plaster for large-scale construction projects. Another fascinating story of the complex relationships between culture, plants, and the economy relates to development of sugar cane plantations in the Caribbean.
Anthropologist Sidney Mintz documented how our sweet tooth led to development of the slave trade, industrialization, capitalism, and colonization in the Americas. The increased consumption of sugar associated with industrialization provided financial incentives for continuing slavery and colonization projects in the Americas. The question of how humans interact with their environment through hunting and gathering, agriculture, and deforestation is central to understanding how human groups meet their basic needs and continue to survive and develop.
By examining these past and present cultural configurations critically and carefully, anthropology provides a valuable perspective from which to understand such environmental questions. Environmental anthropology provides an opportunity for anthropologists to engage in larger public debates. Anthropologists have become involved in environmental causes around the world.Staff and faculty are working remotely and all remain on email and able to set up phone and virtual meetings upon request. We are doing our best to respond to calls and emails when they come in and will respond to requests as soon as possible.
The following are links to the U of A's Academic Catalog and have details regarding the courses that are required for the Anthropology major. Each student has a particular catalog, usually the year that you enter the U of A.
Your catalog year determines your graduation requirements. Bachelors in Arts BA includes basic foundational and general education classes, plus four core classes one in each of the four anthropology subfields and seven upper division courses.
You also have to complete a minor to complete the BA degree. The BA is quite flexible, as you can chose any of the four subfields to focus on or mix and match classes from them. You can take any minor and it requires lower level math and science for non-science majors. Curriculum Guides for Anthropology B. Bachelor of Science degree B.
As a science degree, in addition to the foundations and general education courses, this degree requires calculus, and three classes of the more traditional sciences such as biology, chemistry, physics and material science. For anthropology, the student is required to take the four core classes, six upper division designated archaeology courses, as well as one additional upper division anthropology course. There is a specific list of scientific minors to complement this degree, and the minor taken must be from this list.
This degree is focused on the science side of Archaeology and is ideal for those wanting to be a museum Conservator or dig deeply into the scientific evaluation of artifacts. Courses for BS in Archaeology: Course guide. BS in Archaeology Finish in Four plan.
Undergraduate Course Requirements
Writing Emphasis Courses The University of Arizona requires that writing skills of all undergraduate students be assessed at mid-career. Additionally, the School of Anthropology requires that all undergraduate students complete at least one upper division Writing Emphasis course in Anthropology and pass it with a grade of "A" or "B".
The Undergraduate Advising Office has current information about this requirement and opportunities for improving writing skills. The faculty in the School of Anthropology may change the list at any time. Students should contact the Advising Office for a current list of available options. Please check the Honors College website for more information. Minors offered by the U of A In addition to your major in Anthropology, you will need a minor field.
If the minor is offered for your catalog year, that minor is an option for you with the Anthropology major. In order to declare a minor in Anthropology, you can write to Ann Samuelson anns email.
The School of Anthropology requires 18 units of anthropology courses, of which 9 units must be upper division level. Courses are selected with the assistance of an advisor and can focus on one or more sub-disciplines in the school.
We encourage enrollment in at least one of our core courses as foundation for upper division study. In addition to the minors approved by the Board of Regents, you can also create a "Thematic minor". Thematic minors concern one basic theme or area of interest but draw courses from at least two departments. Declaration of a thematic minor must be completed prior to filing for a senior degree check.The degree plan shown is only a sample of how students may complete their degrees in four years.
There are alternative ways. Students should consult their advisor to determine the best path for them. Optional minor is included in this example.
This represents only one possible variation out of may plans. Please consult with an Anthropology advisor concerning a plan that is best for you. UO prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national or ethnic origin, age, religion, marital status, disability, veteran status, citizenship status, parental status, sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression in all programs, activities and employment practices as required by Title IX, other applicable laws, and policies.
Retaliation is prohibited by UO policy. Contact information, related policies, and complaint procedures are listed on the statement of non-discrimination.
If a student completes all four foundation courses, the fourth course can be counted as an anthropology elective. Method and Theory Courses 2 courses Two of the following four upper level method and theory courses are required for the anthropology major.
If a student completes a third or fourth method and theory courses, these courses can be counted as an anthropology electives. Anthropology Electives minimum of 12 credits 12 credits of anthropology electives, beyond the foundational and method and theory course requirements, are required for a B. Applied Field Methods minimum of 3 credits Reflective, experiential learning outside the classroom is an essential to Anthropology. Anthropology majors therefore are required to take one of the following courses.
Courses worth more than 3 credits may have their additional credits applied toward the Anthropology electives requirement. Other relevant courses may be used with the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies. Designed to give students a background in quantitative analysis and statistics, this requirement helps students develop a mathematical foundation for future academic and career goals. The quantitative skills option is satisfied by the completion of one course from the following list with a C- or better:.
Additional courses can be used to satisfy this requirement, but must be approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies.
Supporting Course Work minimum of 18 credits The supporting coursework requirement is like designing your own minor with your faculty advisor. To fulfill the supporting coursework requirement, students may take courses from a pre-existing minor, from a single department outside Anthropology, or from multiple departments.
The purpose of the supporting course sequence is to enable students to develop skills and additional academic preparation that are related to their specific interests in anthropology. Click here for the Supporting Coursework Approval Form. Method and Theory Courses 2 courses Two of the following four upper level method and theory courses are required for the B.
Anthropology Electives minimum of 12 credits 12 credits of anthropology electives, beyond the foundational and method and theory course requirements, are required for the B. Three courses and at least nine credits of courses from the list below are required for a B. Students are responsible for checking prerequisites. Prerequisite courses will not count toward the 3-course, 9-credit total unless the prerequisite courses are also counted here.
Satisfactory Progress Benchmarks All students--whether pursuing a B. Students who fail to complete these benchmarks will be removed from the major.
Degree Audits An audit is the procedure for checking your progress toward your degree. There are three steps to the audit: check the transcript and uachieve for errors and let the Department of Anthropology Undergraduate Advisor know if there are any questions or concerns make an appointment with the Department of Anthropology Undergraduate Advisor to check all major requirements and to get the audit form take the audit form to an advisor at the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences BSOS to finalize the audit and have the registration block lifted.
Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology Foundation Courses 3 courses Three of the following four foundation courses are required for the B. Courses listed as ANTH and courses taught by anthropology Affiliate Faculty in other departments can be counted towards the anthropology electives requirement. Students are advised to check with the Undergraduate Advisor or the Director of Undergraduate Studies before enrolling in courses with affiliate faculty.
Pre-approved anthropology courses completed in departments affiliated with the Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area can also be applied to the elective requirement. Students are advised to check with the Undergraduate Advisor or the Director of Undergraduate Studies before enrolling in courses through the Consortium. The following rules also apply to the supporting course work requirement: Supporting courses should relate to the student's area of focus, whether biological anthropology, archaeology, or socio-cultural anthropology.
All courses intended to satisfy the requirement must be approved by the faculty advisor prior to the student's senior year. Therefore, students should plan ahead with their faculty advisor. Up to 8 credits of the 18 credit requirement may be fulfilled with anthropology courses.The Anthropology of Politics: U. Presidential Election Edition. How Culture Works. The Meaning of Life. Slavery and Human Trafficking in the 21st Century. The Anthropology of Politics: Persuasion and Power.
Environmental Conflict. Anthropology studies humankind from a comparative perspective that emphasizes the diversity of human behavior and the importance of culture in explaining that diversity. While the discipline encompasses the biological nature of our species and the material aspects of human adaptation, it takes as fundamental the idea that we respond to nature and natural forces in large part through culture.
LIVING IN THE ANTHROPOCENE
Anthropology, then, is the study of human beings as cultural animals. Sociocultural anthropology draws its data from the direct study of contemporary peoples living in a wide variety of circumstances, from peasant villagers and tropical forest hunters and gatherers to urban populations in modern societies, as well as from the history and prehistory of those peoples.
The Anthropology Program at MIT offers students a broad exposure to the discipline as well as an anthropological perspective on problems and issues relevant to other fields in the humanities, social sciences, and engineering. It also provides more intensive introduction to areas of faculty specialization, which include social and political organization, economics and human ecology, religion and symbolism, and the anthropology of medicine and scientific research.
The anthropology curriculum is divided into six groups that show the breadth of the field, with particular emphases: introductory, social anthropology, technology in cultural context, and areal and historical studies.
Special topics in anthropology and advanced graduate subjects are also offered. MIT Anthropology students learn about the concept of culture, the nature of anthropological fieldwork, and the connections between anthropology and the other social sciences. They study the various theories that attempt to explain human behavior as well as the range of methods anthropologists use to analyze data. Students can focus on geographical areas, and on issues like neocolonialism, gender studies, religion and symbolism, or comparative political organization.
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